HERITAGE OF ADRA
ADRA Division having reach heritage.Adra division is called the land of heritage as a majority of the places in the
division are associated with historical importance.Temples of Bishnupur and the palace of Kashipur,
are renowned architectures.Tourists visit these places and relish the fine art of
Some of these magnificient places on Adra Division are depicted below:
- Bishnupur Temples
- Kashipur Palace
- Jairam Bati
- Chhau Dance
- Terra-Cotta Art
- Ancient Malla Kingdom
Photo Gallery of TerraCota & Vishnupur
also famous for its rich heritage with a series of ancient temples, representing
nearly all varieties of structural forms of medieval Bengali temple architecture.
Though many of the temples were once in a state of decay, continuous undertaking
of preservation carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India, most
of these have been rehabilitated and proper arrangements have been made for illumination of the monuments making them great tourist attraction. Walking
along the banks of the large tanks known as bandhs, the visitors get a view
of the magnificence of temples, some of which have beautiful carvings on their
walls offering a glitters of the terra-cotta art of Bengal.
Of these structures,
particular mention may be made of the pyramidal Rasamancha, a structure unique
in its kind. Of the temples, the Syama-Raya built in the massive
'Pancha-ratna' style is regarded as the most outstanding. Among all the areas near the fort, stand several other temples such as the Jor-Bangla,
Radha-Syama, Lalji, Krishna-Balarama, Nikunjabihari and Kesara-raya. Kalachand, Radha-Madhava, Radha-Govinda and
Jor-Mandir Nandala are ensconced on the south and south-west banks of the big
tank called Lal-bandh. There are several other places of interest linked
with the memory of noted musicians like Jadu Bhatta and Sanskrit scholars
monuments are situated closer to Bishnupur, such as the large 'Brick Temple'
of Siddheswara Mahadeva at Bahulara, an abandoned brick temple at Sonatopal,
the stone built shrines of Sadesvara and Bailesvara or Dihar and the big stone
temple of Ektesvara on way to Bankura, provide examples of traditional
temple-architecture that was existing in Bengal during the medieval period.
Bishnupur,situated 85 kilometers from Kharagpur and 200 kilometers from Howrah on midnapur-Adra section, is the most important cultural heritage of
Adra Division.It is famous for birth place of Sri Ramkrishna Pramhans,
ancient brick temples, ancient Malla kingdom, world famous 'Balucheri Saree'.
Bishnupur 'Gharana' classical music etc.
Pramhans was born in a Kamarpukur village situated at about 35 kilometers
by road from Bishnupur. The place has been developed into as beautiful Ashram
by Ram Krishna Mission. His wife, Ma Sarda, was born in Jairambati situated
5 kilometers from Kamarpukur. This has also been developed into a beautiful
Ashram, which has also contributed to the development of nearby villages.
|RAJBARI-FRONT VIEW||RAJBARI-SIDE VIEW|
situated seven kilometers from Adra. The famous story told is about migration
of people from UP to Kashipur on request of the Maharajas of Kashipur. It is
said that Kashipur had a thin population. Since the soil was not fertile, the
population was thin and so the Maharaja of Kashipur gave lucrative incentives
like Zamindari etc, to the people of UP to migrate and settle at Kashipur.
Singh Deo was the first ruler of Kashipur (now as small block of Purulia district)
who was abandoned child of some nearby kingdom and was brought up by local
tribals. Later on, he acquired a lot of fame and created his own kingdom
which mainly confined to Purulia district and extended up to Ramgarh and
Bishnupur. It is said that Maharaja Neelmoni Singh Deo fought with Britishers
and made Panchkoot area free from Britishers. Later, he was arrested and put
in Alipore Central Jail at Calcutta. He had built a huge palace which was
reconstructed by his grandson, Maharaja Jyoti Prasad Singdeo. The last ruler
was Maharaja Bhuvaneswari Prasad Singhdeo.
TERRA COTA ART(BANKURA)
situated at about 60 kilometres by rail/road from Adra, is another district
headquarters of West Bengal, has rich tradition of terra-cotta art. Artists
are well recognized world over for their traditional art in masking unique
designs of animals like horses, elephants and fighting bulls etc. Bankura
horses as such are famous world over.Besides terra-cotta, the artists are
master in woodcarving also and similar figures are made in different quality
of wood. 'Dogra' art has been developed to make decorative pieces like statues,
ash tray etc. The materials used are a mixture of brass, bronze and white
metal and gives an ancient look.
A place called
"Sonamukhi", situated at about 30 kilometres from Bankura, is an important centre
of silk developed by Khadi Udyog where silk thread is prepared and sent for
weaving to Bishnupur, Raghunathpur and other nearby places.
terra-cotta, Bankura has also beautiful tourist spots. Nearly 23 kilometres
from Bankura, there is a famous rock inscription of 'Chanaverman' at a
beautiful hill called Susunia hills. Similarly, about 52 kilometres from
Bankura is another tourist spot called Mukutmanipur
, famous for its lake with boating facility and beautiful garden.
In the days of
its glory Bishnupur was the capital of a large territory known as 'Mallabhum'
which comprised the entire districts of Bankura and entire area in the districts
of Midnapur and Barddhaman. Further, there are a few cannons to be found at
Bishnupur which are witness to the military powers of the Malla kings of bygone
days. Of these, the largest one is known as the Dalmadal, which is placed on
a high base and offers a grand view.
still retains a wide reputation of a living centre of folk crafts in terra
cotta and metal and silk and cotton weaving and preserve of local style of
classical music known as Bishnupur Gharana.
also famous for silk weaving and is one of the important handloom silk weaving
centres developed by Khadi Udyog. Baluchari Sarees are famous world over in
which weavers are projecting themes of Mahabharat and Ramayana on 'pallu' as well